Table of Contents
- Interfaces of a Wireless Router
- Establishing a Wireless Network: Setup and Configuration
- Setting up a Wireless Router: Important Steps
- Essential Configuration Settings
- What do you need for a router to work?
- Is a router all you need for Wi-Fi?
- What is important when buying a router?
- Final Words
Over time, the internet has evolved from being a luxury to more of a need for most people. The internet is now used for everything, from money transactions to watching your favorite television episodes after they have finished showing on the network. Furthermore, owing to Wikipedia, it is also the most dependable method of obtaining information on a wide range of issues.
If you are still relying on a single device, such as your computer, to access the internet, you are losing out on a lot. With a WiFi router, on the other hand, you may connect to the internet on a variety of devices, including PCs, cellphones, laptops, and LEDs, without the need for an ethernet wire. And, what’s more, you may access the internet from any location in your business or house.
The first two items you’ll need are high-speed internet (broadband) and a high-quality WiFi router if you want to set up a secure and smooth Wi-Fi network (at home or at the workplace). The majority of home routers also function as Wireless Access Points and are therefore referred to as wireless routers. In case you weren’t aware, your ISP (Internet Service Provider) offers you with a home router in addition to your internet service, which is packaged together in a router box.
This article will teach you how to set up a WiFi router and some basic adjustments that will allow you to enjoy a flawless internet connection.
Interfaces of a Wireless Router
Generally speaking, all WiFi routers have two interfaces: one for connecting to the internet and another for communicating with other devices.
- The first type of interface is known as a local interface, and it refers to your home or business networks.
- The second interface type is the External interface, which incorporates the Internet connection as part of its functionality.
If you have purchased a wireless router, look for the Local WiFi interface on the left side of the device. There will be a number of ethernet ports available. Typically, most routers feature four ethernet cable connections, which allow you to establish a connected connection with your computer.
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Additionally, it includes a supported WiFi access option as well as a USB port to aid you in connecting the router to a PC in order to begin the configuration process.
On the Internet connection side, you may notice a single DSL connection, which is capable of supporting the RJ12 telephone connection. Although it does not require a dedicated telephone line, a broadband filter is required for connection.
Aside from that, the WAN port connector for the router may also be found on this side. Typically, it is employed in the configuration of a cable modem or fiber modem connection.
Establishing a Wireless Network: Setup and Configuration
The Physical Setup With/Without an Ethernet Cable
This port links your WiFi router to a microfilter by an RJ12 connector, which is then linked to your phone line with another RJ12 connector. When physically configuring a WiFi connection, the usage of a microfilter is required; otherwise, the operation may or may not be successful.
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The good news is that microfilters are already installed at the most recent connecting points.
A cable modem or a fiber modem can be connected to the router’s wide area network (WAN) port using a standard Ethernet cable, on the other hand.
The next step is to make changes to the settings of your router. In order to do so, you must first log into the router and then follow one of the following procedures:
- Through the use of a USB cable linked to a computer.
- A PC linked to a web-based interface and an Ethernet connection are used to complete the task.
- Using a computer that is linked to Wi-Fi and a web-based interface.
- Using a PC linked to Wi-Fi and the Web Interface, you may complete the task.
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In layman’s terms, a web interface refers to any web browser that is installed on your computer. This approach is the quickest and most reliable, and it works with virtually every home network without difficulty.
If you want to configure the router using this way, you must first connect to it using an Ethernet connection or Wi-Fi, as described above. In addition, you must be aware of the SSID of the router that is included with the router box.
Setting up a Wireless Router: Important Steps
Here is how you can start setting up and connecting your wireless device:
Step 1: Gathering Wi-Fi Details
Setting up WiFi access on your PC is the first thing you should do after acquiring all of the necessary WiFi information (SSID and password). You will now be linked to the router, which will automatically give IP addresses to your computer.
If you are having trouble locating your IP address, you may use the ipconfig command to find out what it is.
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Simply open a command line and enter the command Ipconfig/all. After there, look for the default gateway, which is the IP address of your router.
Step 2: Connecting to the Wi-Fi Router
You must already have the IP address of the router in your possession. After that, you’ll need to figure out what the router’s default admin username and password are.
Ordinarily, these are the default IP address ranges: 192.1681.254, 192.168.1.1, and 192.168.0.1. Additionally, the normal default admin username and password are both admin or administrator, with the password being password as the default password.
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In order to log in, all you have to do is open a web browser on your computer and input the IP address of your new router.
Essential Configuration Settings
Once you are successfully logged in, you can now do the other configuration settings on your new router. These changes help you improve your WiFi’s usability and services.
So here are those essential changes:
- The network SSID and password
- The admin password
- DSL link password
- Security of the Wireless Setup
- The ranges of Internal IP address (frequency bands)
- Wi-Fi Channel Selection
- Internet Port Forwarding
- Disabling the UPnP Protocol
- Disabling the WPS
The Network SSID and Password
Creating a username and password that is easy to remember for you but difficult to remember for everyone else is the key to obtaining the greatest network username and password. SSIDs are typically assigned to public facilities like as restaurants and internet cafés, which are identified by their names.
Before you make any changes to the SSID name and password on your new router, keep in mind that you may lose your Internet connection for a short period of time. As a result, you will need to adjust the Wi-Fi settings on your computer to correspond to the new configurations.
The Admin Password
This modification must be implemented as the default setting, or else your newly-established WiFi network will be vulnerable to fraud and hacking attempts.
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The rule is the same as with the SSID – select a password that you won’t be able to forget quickly. Furthermore, you must choose an internet protocol address that is distinct from the others.
The DSL Link Password
If your Internet service provider (ISP) does not provide you with a router, you must configure the device’s settings in order to connect it to the ISP. The routers, for the most part, automatically recognize and connect to the many possible connection types.
In most cases, PPP over an Ethernet connection is used by all home networks (PPPoE). If you’re not sure what that means, just remember that you have to input the username and password that were provided in your ISP setup information in order for your router to connect to the Internet service provider. It is possible to collect this information by going online and searching for it in a query box, such as the following:
The DSL password of the service provider (for example, BT or TalkTalk) and a third-party router Please keep in mind that most individuals will mix up the two username/password combinations. All you need to know is that one of them is provided by the router’s manufacturer, and the other is provided by the ISP, and that they both allow the router to connect to the Internet service provider.
Security of the Wireless Setup
You may be at danger if you leave a WiFi network without first checking that it is secure before leaving. Your neighbors, particularly if you reside in a densely populated region, will be able to see that you have a WiFi network available. To ensure the safety and security of your wireless network, you must always encrypt it before using it.
However, if you are experiencing difficulties throughout the setup process, you can start by using unencrypted connections. Simply configure your router to use these connections at first, and then change the router’s security settings to encrypted mode after you are confident that your active internet connection is functioning properly, as described above.
Your situation will be enhanced if you have a router with two bands of communication. Dual-band refers to the fact that the router is capable of supporting both 2.4GHz and 5GHz frequency bands.
For the most part, older Wi-Fi equipment are single band, which means that they are incompatible with the 5GHz frequency spectrum. It is thus preferable to get a contemporary wireless router that operates on the 5GHz frequency range in order to benefit from quicker speeds.
Wi-Fi Channel Selection
However, there are 14 channels in the 2.4GHz frequency range, which is more than double the number of channels in the 5GHz band. As a result, when selecting a Wi-Fi channel, you should investigate all of the typical channels available in your area. If you reside in a densely populated region, you may come across many local area networks with differing signal levels, which might cause interferences with one another.
If you are encountering difficulties, you may use a variety of test tools, such as the InSSIDer tool, to help you. Just bear in mind to choose a network that has the least amount of interference and the greatest signal strength possible.
Note: Almost all high-performance and current WiFi routers are capable of automatically detecting the optimum available WiFi channel.
Port Forwarding Setup
If you’re a gamer or want to enable external access to your newly activated internet connection, this step is critical for you to complete.
Although this configuration setting is safe, it may place your network in a risky position because the connection will be vulnerable to a variety of hackers. As a result, you must be familiar with IP addresses and their numerous variations.
Disabling the UPnP Protocol
Another crucial feature for gamers is the deactivation of the UPnP (Universal Plug and Play) protocol. It is a protocol that is used by many gaming apps to automatically open ports on your router without you having to do anything manually. The UPnP protocol is enabled by default on the majority of routers. As a result, you must always verify this setting and make sure it is off before installing any application on your computer.
When playing games on your computer, you may, nevertheless, encounter certain difficulties. It is recommended that you enable the UPnP option once again if you are unable to resolve the issues using port forwarding setup alone. People who like playing online games will find this security setting to be really useful.
Disabling the WPS
Using the WPS (Wi-Fi Protected Setup) function, you may connect as many devices as you wish to your WiFi network without having to provide a password. However, from the standpoint of security, this may not be regarded a positive development.
If you choose to disable this feature, and if you still want to add devices, be sure to only add those that you are certain about. In the router’s configuration settings, you have the option to enable or disable it depending on your needs.
This is the final and most important configuration choice that allows your devices to connect to your wireless home network while they are connected to the internet. Once again, the DDNS servers make it simple to connect to the internet on a variety of devices at one time.
When you change your external IP address, practically all home routers may be configured to automatically update the DDNS servers in a matter of minutes.
Setting up a WiFi network may appear to be a daunting task but trust us when we say that it is much easier than you think. Using the procedures outlined above, you may quickly and easily set up a safe and secure wireless network at your residence or place of business.
In addition, don’t forget to configure your network’s important configuration parameters to guarantee that it is secure and operates at peak performance.